By 2027, all new public buildings in the EU must become carbon neutral and energy efficient. Currently, in most EU countries, buildings account for %40 of energy use and about 95% of the binders used in wood-fiber composites are fossil-derived.

The major challenge is to replace fossil materials with new eco—friendly consumer products and meet the requirements for green, zero-pollution and sustainable buildings with reduced thermal consumption.

Non-biobased materials (e.g. bricks, concrete, plastic, gypsum, glass and rock wool) have high environmental footprints, limited recycling possibilities and should be replaced with bio-based, sustainable materials.